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MBRLEN(3)                BSD Library Functions Manual                MBRLEN(3)

     mbrlen -- get number of bytes in a multibyte character (restartable)

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <wchar.h>

     mbrlen(const char * restrict s, size_t n, mbstate_t * restrict ps);

     The mbrlen() function usually determines the number of bytes in a
     multibyte character pointed to by s and returns it.  This function shall
     only examine max n bytes of the array beginning from s.

     mbrlen() is equivalent to the following call (except ps is evaluated only

           mbrtowc(NULL, s, n, (ps != NULL) ? ps : &internal);

     Here, internal is an internal state object.

     In state-dependent encodings, s may point to the special sequence bytes
     to change the shift-state.  Although such sequence bytes corresponds to
     no individual wide-character code, these affect the conversion state
     object pointed to by ps, and the mbrlen() treats the special sequence
     bytes as if these are a part of the subsequent multibyte character.

     Unlike mblen(3), mbrlen() may accept the byte sequence when it is not a
     complete character but possibly contains part of a valid character.  In
     this case, this function will accept all such bytes and save them into
     the conversion state object pointed to by ps.  They will be used on
     subsequent calls of this function to restart the conversion suspended.

     The behaviour of mbrlen() is affected by the LC_CTYPE category of the
     current locale.

     These are the special cases:

     s == NULL   mbrlen() sets the conversion state object pointed to by ps to
                 an initial state and always returns 0.  Unlike mblen(3), the
                 value returned does not indicate whether the current encoding
                 of the locale is state-dependent.

                 In this case, mbrlen() ignores n.

     n == 0      In this case, the first n bytes of the array pointed to by s
                 never form a complete character.  Thus, mbrlen() always
                 returns (size_t)-2.

     ps == NULL  mbrlen() uses its own internal state object to keep the
                 conversion state, instead of ps mentioned in this manual

                 Calling any other functions in Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
                 never changes the internal state of mbrlen(), except for
                 calling setlocale(3) with a changing LC_CTYPE category of the
                 current locale.  Such setlocale(3) calls cause the internal
                 state of this function to be indeterminate.  This internal
                 state is initialized at startup time of the program.

     The mbrlen() returns:

     0           s points to a nul byte ('\0').

     positive    The value returned is a number of bytes for the valid
                 multibyte character pointed to by s.  There are no cases that
                 this value is greater than n or the value of the MB_CUR_MAX

     (size_t)-2  s points to the byte sequence which possibly contains part of
                 a valid multibyte character, but which is incomplete.  When n
                 is at least MB_CUR_MAX, this case can only occur if the array
                 pointed to by s contains a redundant shift sequence.

     (size_t)-1  s points to an illegal byte sequence which does not form a
                 valid multibyte character.  In this case, mbrtowc() sets
                 errno to indicate the error.

     mbrlen() may cause an error in the following case:

     [EILSEQ]           s points to an invalid multibyte character.

     [EINVAL]           ps points to an invalid or uninitialized mbstate_t

     mblen(3), mbrtowc(3), setlocale(3)

     The mbrlen() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899/AMD1:1995 ("ISO C90,
     Amendment 1").  The restrict qualifier is added at ISO/IEC 9899:1999
     ("ISO C99").

BSD                            February 3, 2002                            BSD